By Nathaniel Palmer
The subjective complexion of human emotions has made distinct sensations, like "happiness", difficult to quantify. Happiness is generally contingent upon a person's unique perspective, perception, or preference. The way we dress can flamboyantly express our preferences, but it can also attract superfluous perceptions. When we wake up in the morning, we have a divine power that no other species on this planet has. That power is called Choice. Unless you have an occupation that issues standard uniforms, when you begin your day, you have a choice of what you can (and should) drape over your body. If you're happy, you'll more than likely wear something that expresses your happiness. If you're sad, you'll more than likely wear something that expresses the feeling of sadness. The correlation between how we dress and how we feel have raised questions in the psychology community that researchers are in the midst of passionately pursuing. If how we dress commences the feeling of happiness, is it possible that being consistently happy can affect what we choose to wear?
While fashion experts continue to capitalize on the effects of clothing, psychology experts are examining the influence that clothing has on moods. Professor Karen Pine, a leading expert in fashion psychology, confirms that the more we know about enclothed cognition and how it can lift a person's mood, the less we will need anti-depressant medication. In a current news release published by Goodtherapy.org, several Applied Psychology professionals conducted research on the link between clothing choices and emotional states.
A group of one hundred women, ranging from the ages 21 to 64 years old, participated in this informative study. The results of this study found that clothing choices such as jeans, sweatshirts, and baggier apparel, could all be associated with depressed or sad moods. Interestingly, 51% of the women in the study wore jeans when they felt sad or depressed, while only 33% of the women wore jeans when they felt happy or positive. Donna Stellhorn, a Feng Shui expert who contributed her professional thoughts on how we interact with our environment, agreed with these results.
"When we reach for jeans we want something familiar because things around us are stressful"
She believes that lazy attire, such as jeans or t-shirts, indicate where a person's mental energy is focused. "When we reach for jeans we want something familiar because things around us are stressful", Stellhorn explained. Other results of the study found that accessories, such as hats and jewelry, can also affect women's moods. Hats in particular, on men and women, usually pinpoint a person of power. Hats warrant attention, and in some cases, it helps a person cover up an insecurity so that the person can feel confident enough to interact with other individuals. Interacting with the opposite sex has been another major point of emphasis for clothing choices as well, but limited studies have yet to secure concrete results in this area.
Although men weren't included in this study, some results could be similar for them as well. "A separate study on men should be considered. Men are much more focused on functionality in their wardrobe than women, regardless of emotional state. So, I do think there may be some general similarities, but overall women’s results would probably be more dramatic", explained Shauna Mackenzie Heathman, owner of Mackenzie Image Consulting.
Overall, the emphasis of the study explained fashion's powerful ability to create a perception of happiness. When we're feeling happy, we generally wear clothes that have good quality, good fit, and bright colors. When we are feeling unhappy, we take the focus off of our appearance and put our mental energy on whatever is making us unhappy. While women tend to be more in tuned with their emotions, they're more likely to express their moods through visual stimulations—a theory that adheres to how women attract men. Men's emotional adherence to clothing tends to be associated with colors—colors make a person standout more. Dressing happy when we're happy isn't necessarily a bad thing; it's just predictable!
Being predictable, based on your mood, isn't what fashion is about. Fashion isn't about making the effort to "look the part". Fashion is about being the part. Fashion is about expressing who you are, no matter what mood you're in. Daniel Gilbert's concept of Synthetic Happiness suggests that we have the power to manipulate what makes us happy. In other words, we can either give clothes the power to make us happy, or we can use clothing as a tool to express how we’re feeling at any given time.